^ Jackson, Jeanne L. (1 January 1995). Red Letter Days: The Christian Year in Story for Primary Assembly. Nelson Thornes. p. 158. ISBN 9780748719341. Later, it became the custom for poorer Christians to offer prayers for the dead, in return for money or food (soul cakes) from their wealthier neighbours. People would go 'souling' - rather like carol singing - requesting alms or soul cakes: 'A soul, a soul, a soul cake, Please to give us a soul cake, One for Peter, two for Paul, have mercy on us Christians all.'
The practice may have originated in a Celtic festival, held on 31 October–1 November, to mark the beginning of winter. It was called Samhain in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man, and Calan Gaeaf in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany. The festival is believed to have pre-Christian roots. After the Christianization of Ireland in the 5th century, some of these customs may have been retained in the Christian observance of All Hallows' Eve in that region—which continued to be called Samhain/Calan Gaeaf—blending the traditions of their ancestors with Christian ones.[2][3] It was seen as a liminal time, when the spirits or fairies (the Aos Sí), and the souls of the dead, could more easily come into our world.[4] It was believed that the Aos Sí needed to be propitiated to ensure that the people and their livestock survived the winter.
From at least the 16th century,[5] the festival included mumming and guising,[6] which involved people going house-to-house in costume (or in disguise), usually reciting verses or songs in exchange for food.[6] It may have originally been a tradition whereby people impersonated the Aos Sí, or the souls of the dead, and received offerings on their behalf. Impersonating these beings, or wearing a disguise, was also believed to protect oneself from them.[7] It is suggested that the mummers and guisers "personify the old spirits of the winter, who demanded reward in exchange for good fortune".[8] F. Marian McNeill suggests the ancient pagan festival included people wearing masks or costumes to represent the spirits, and that faces were marked (or blackened) with ashes taken from the sacred bonfire.[5] In parts of southern Ireland, a man dressed as a Láir Bhán (white mare) led youths house-to-house reciting verses—some of which had pagan overtones—in exchange for food. If the household donated food it could expect good fortune from the 'Muck Olla'; not doing so would bring misfortune.[9] In 19th century Scotland, youths went house-to-house with masked, painted or blackened faces, often threatening to do mischief if they were not welcomed.[6] In parts of Wales, men went about dressed as fearsome beings called gwrachod,[6] while in some places, young people cross-dressed.[6] Elsewhere in Europe, mumming and costumes were part of other yearly festivals. However, in the Celtic-speaking regions they were "particularly appropriate to a night upon which supernatural beings were said to be abroad and could be imitated or warded off by human wanderers".[6] It has also been suggested that the wearing of Halloween costumes developed from the custom of souling, which was practised by Christians in parts of Western Europe from at least the 15th century.[10][11] At Allhallowtide, groups of poor people would go door-to-door, collecting soul cakes – either as representatives of the dead,[12] or in return for saying prayers for them.[13] One 19th century English writer said it "used to consist of parties of children, dressed up in fantastic costume, who went round to the farm houses and cottages, signing a song, and begging for cakes (spoken of as "Soal-cakes"), apples, money, or anything that the goodwives would give them".[14] The soulers typically asked for "mercy on all Christian souls for a soul cake".[15] The practice was mentioned by Shakespeare his play The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593).[16][17] Christian minister Prince Sorie Conteh wrote on the wearing of costumes: "It was traditionally believed that the souls of the departed wandered the earth until All Saints' Day, and All Hallows' Eve provided one last chance for the dead to gain vengeance on their enemies before moving to the next world. In order to avoid being recognised by any soul that might be seeking such vengeance, people would don masks or costumes to disguise their identities".[18] In the Middle Ages, statues and relics of martyred saints were paraded through the streets at Allhallowtide. Some churches who could not afford these things had people dress as saints instead.[19][20] Some believers continue the practice of dressing as saints, biblical figures, and reformers in Halloween celebrations today.[21] Many Christians in continental Europe, especially in France, believed that on Halloween "the dead of the churchyards rose for one wild, hideous carnival," known as the danse macabre, which has often been depicted in church decoration.[22] An article published by Christianity Today claimed the danse macabre was enacted at village pageants and at court masques, with people "dressing up as corpses from various strata of society", and suggested this was the origin of Halloween costume parties.[23][24]
^ Lipton, Eric (April 9, 2008). "Official Had Controversial Photos Deleted, Report Says". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-09."The staff member who won the “most original costume” prize wore a dreadlock wig, what looked like a prison jumpsuit and black face paint. “I’m a Jamaican detainee from Krome — obviously, I’ve escaped,” the employee, referring to a detention center in Miami, announced to the judges..."

halloween costume ideas diy


You just can't keep a good clown down. Although Batman does a pretty bang-up job of keeping the peace in Gotham City, The Joker and Harley Quinn always seem to show up to wreak some havoc. In 2019, we have a brand new movie starring Joaquin Phoenix as the troubled Arthur Fleck, the man who would become The Joker. This has revitalized interest in the classic DC villain, despite not being set in the current DC universe continuity. And Harley? Well, Harley Quinn is ALWAYS popular. She proves to be one of the greatest villainess characters to ever grace the pages of a comic book. Murmurs of the new Birds of Prey movie have already begun, so we expect our favorite Harlequin to surge in popularity as more news about the film trickles out.

halloween costume contest 2019


In our book, 2019 was really the year of Marvel. Avengers: Endgame crushed it this year, bringing a finale to all the years of superhero escapades on the silver screen. It almost brings a tear to our eyes to know that this age of superheroes is coming to an end, but we'll have a new wave of characters to carry the torch in the next phase of the Marvel Cinematic Universe. So, which Avengers costumes are contenders for the top Halloween costumes this year? Well, first off we have Carol Danvers! Hot off her success in her solo debut, she came back in Endgame to kick some serious butt, so Captain Marvel costumes are the top contender when it comes to superhero costumes. Captain America and Iron Man also had an intense showing in the latest entry, so expect both of them to be good Halloween costumes to wear. If you want something unique, we like a Doctor Strange costume as a dark horse choice. Then again, you could go full villain and dress up like the infamous Mad Titan himself! Just don't be surprised if a band of heroes shows up to stop your plans if you chose to walk around wearing a Thanos costume.
Another set of Halloween costumes were released with the Scream Fortress 2014. Players who opened the game during the update were given a Halloween Gift Cauldron. Upon opening the Halloween Gift Cauldron, players received a chance of obtaining a Strange Haunted Halloween cosmetic piece. A second Halloween Gift Cauldron was awarded to players who completed the Carnival Of Carnage: Bumper To Bumper To Bumper achievement.
^ Lipton, Eric (April 9, 2008). "Official Had Controversial Photos Deleted, Report Says". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-09."The staff member who won the “most original costume” prize wore a dreadlock wig, what looked like a prison jumpsuit and black face paint. “I’m a Jamaican detainee from Krome — obviously, I’ve escaped,” the employee, referring to a detention center in Miami, announced to the judges..." 

halloween costume ideas diy


This Halloween, make sure you stay on trend with all the hottest and most popular Halloween costume ideas! We have brand new 2019 costumes based on your favorite pop culture events and movies from this year including NASA astronauts, llamas, the Avengers, sloths, Game of Thrones, and even the Descendants 3 costumes! Check out our 2019 costume guide down below for great Halloween costume ideas!

halloween costumes for babies

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